The Geography of Cambodia

2017 – 2018

Geography Exploration

Geography was an exploration where we create a book about the geography of Cambodia. Also, it was the first time that juniors were able to create an incredible book. I was in one of the teams to go and research the central and northern part of Cambodia which are Tboung Khmum, Kampong Cham, Kampong Thom, Siem Reap, Preah Vihear, and Oddar Mean Chey provinces. The exploration was divided into three sections which are before the trip, during the trip, and after the trip. 

Before the Trip

During that time, we were gathering information and data to form documentation about the provinces. There were five main pieces of information that we researched throughout this section which included physical systems, human system and movement, environment and society, location in spatial terms and lastly, places and regions. We were divided into five teams due to the amount of data that we needed. To kept track of all the information that we found, we used Google Drive which is really helpful. 

During the Journey

Throughout the trip to these provinces, we have interviewed lots of different people for their life story to later choose one and insert it into the documentation for each province. Besides, we also went to some of the famous places such as Angkor Wat, Tonle Sap Lake, Santuk Mountain, Phnom Pros and Phnom Srey Mountain and many other tourist attractions. We have taken lots of photos to use them for later purposes. The other goal of the trip was to explore the provinces and later predict what will happen in the future. 

After Traveling

After we get back from the trip, we gathered the information that we need from all the data that we’ve collected to put into the documentation. We used the interview that we got and turned it into a human life story. We assembled the information that we thought is good to include in the documentation. In the end, we were able to collect all the information and data that we need to create the book. 

The goal of creating the Geography of Cambodia is for government students to use it as a resource for their education but also for tourist to use it as their guide to Cambodia. 


The Geography of Cambodia

The Geography of Cambodia has now been published and is available in Monument Bookstore. Because our goal is to help government students, Liger students are able to bring one copy of the books for a government school in their hometown. I was able to give one to the school that I’ve learned before entering Liger and the people there were really grateful for it. Some of the books were sold out too. Lastly, I hope that this book can help lots of people to get to know more about Cambodia and appreciate this country for what we have.  

How I Change Cambodia – Marine Traveling Theater

Humans need oxygen to breathe which the ocean provides more than 50% of it but people don’t realize. We eat fish to stay healthy which is given by the ocean but we never appreciate. We make money from turning a place into an attraction for tourists which is the ocean but we never take care of it.  One day, all of these amazing resources and services that the ocean gives us will be gone because of human. 

Ocean Threats

Illegal Fishing – Trawling

Every day, there are people who do fishing in illegal ways. In Cambodia, trawling is very popular but only allowed when it is deeper than 20 meters. However, people usually don’t respect the rule. Trawling in shallow water can cause damage to the ocean surface such as destroying the coral reefs and seagrass which are the marine habitats for many different kinds of fish to secure themselves from their preditor. Besides, these habitats also provide food for some of the marine animals. Imagine, if these habitats are destroyed, how would the animals that depend on the coral reef and the seagrass survive? I can say they would barely live in this situation. Moreover, there is even an electric trawling which is much more harmful than the normal trawling. Electric Trawling will grab all the things that are on its way even if they are small fish. After the fish are being collected from electric trawling or from trawling, the unwanted or unneeded fish that have trapped and died already will go back into the ocean. In this state, the population of the fish will be reduced. 

Coastal Developments

When a place becomes a tourists attraction, there will be developments happen in that area. For the ocean, there might be a bridge that will cross to the island just like Koh Pous Bridge. There might be buildings around the coastal area or on the island. Building these things aren’t always good as they look like. For example, building the bridge that crosses the ocean can destroy the ecosystem that is underneath it. The bridge might be built on the beautiful coral reefs or seagrass which will cause damage to these habitats and other fish. Therefore, we need to consider it deeply before doing any coastal developments. 

Ocean Pollution

It is common to see people throwing trash everywhere in the country. But where do these trash go? Well, it will eventually go into the ocean because of the wind. In Cambodia, some of the trash that can be found in the ocean are plastics and ghost fishing gears. Usually, marine animals such as sea turtles will confuse plastics with their food and so, they will eat those plastics. Consuming plastics won’t give you any protein or energy. Besides, it will harm you. Therefore it is really dangerous to have plastics in the ocean. While plastic can threaten marine animals, so can the ghost fishing gears? Fish can be trap in the net that has been left in the ocean from the fisher which considers being ghost fishing gear. Because the fish can’t go anywhere, it can die from starving. There are also other ghost fishing gears such as fishing tackle and many more. This ocean pollution problem can also reduce the population of the fish. Also, trash can decrease the beauty of the ocean. Therefore, will the polluted ocean attract as many tourists as it did before being polluted? 

Illegal fishing, coastal developments and ocean pollution are the main costs of ocean threat. If we don’t do anything to stop or reduce these activities, our ocean will get destroy one day because of our inconsideration.

Marine Traveling Theater Exploration

 Marine Traveling Theater is an exploration where we performed a short play that we’ve created about ocean threat which our goal is to encourage people to conserve and protect marine life. Our facilitator for this exploration is from Marine Conservation Cambodia (MCC). 

Before we can create a play that’s related to the ocean, we have to understand marine life and it’s ecosystem first but also the theater. We spend our first two or three weeks trying to have general knowledge and idea about these two subjects including ocean threats, marine ecosystem services and roles in theater. We even go to explore underwater life through snorkeling to see the beauty of the ocean but also to understand more about it. After learning about these things, we were able to divide roles in creating this play. Some of the theater roles include director, actors, costume designer, screenwriter and many more. After all the hard works that we’ve done, we were able to create a play called New Beginning. 

New Beginning

A little girl finds out that her beloved ocean is being polluted: the adventure begins! Will she be able to make a change toward pollution or will this problem continue to impact the ocean?

We chose to create a play about ocean pollution because it is the problem that can be solved through the acts of throwing the trash in the bin and reducing single-use plastic. We believe we can influence people to do these actions through our play while illegal fishing and coastal developments need more movements. 

What Have We Done?

Because our play is about protecting the ocean, we chose the people around the coastal area to be our target audience. We got a chance to present our play to Sala Monkey and Kep Garden which gave us two performances in Kep. By performing our play to the kids, we hope that they will understand about it and pass the information to their families and other people because we believe that kids can make a change. 


To make our play more influence and effective to the kids, we decided to do an activity about ocean threats with them. We explain the effects of ocean threats and give them a chance to find the solutions they can. 




We also got the opportunity to perform our play on Ocean Day at Trapeang Sangkae Community Fisheries. Because of all the opportunities we got, we are really grateful that our play has reached out to many people. 

Finally, we hope that we can make a change toward ocean pollution through this play and people would take action altogether.

Help Protect Our Ocean!

Simple Acts of Throwing the Trash in the Bin & Reducing Single-use Plastic Can Help Save Our Ocean!